関西支部分科会 2019年度 第1回「運動論方程式,流体力学とその周辺」講演会のご案内

各位

京都大学 航空宇宙工学専攻 高田 滋

下記のとおり日本航空宇宙学会関西支部分科会による講演会を開催しますのでご案内いたします.

http://www.mfd.kuaero.kyoto-u.ac.jp/?cat=16


日時: 2019年5月14日(火)16:15-17:15
場所: 京都大学 桂キャンパスCクラスタ総合研究棟III(C3棟) 3階 b3n03室(航空宇宙工学専攻会議室)

題目:
The Mpemba and Kovacs effects in granular gases
講演者:
Prof. Andrés Santos (Department of Physics, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain)
要旨:
Experimental observations reveal that the response to an excitation in a complex condensed matter system may depend on the entire system’s history, and not just on the instantaneous value of the macroscopic state variables. These memory effects signal the breakdown of the macroscopic description. Some typical memory effects include shape memory in polymers, aging and rejuvenation in spin glasses, active matter, and granular gases. In this talk I will focus on the last class of systems and consider two prototypical memory phenomena: the Mpemba and Kovacs effects. The Mpemba effect is a counterintuitive phenomenon according to which, given two samples of fluid, the initially hotter one may cool more rapidly than the initially cooler one. In the Kovacs effect, a system relaxing to a low temperature is suddenly put in contact with a reservoir at the same temperature as the instantaneous value the system has after a given waiting time; however, the system’s temperature does not remain constant but exhibits a nonmonotonic evolution before reaching its asymptotic steady value. Both the Mpemba and Kovacs effects in granular gases will be addressed by minimal descriptions based on kinetic theory, the theoretical predictions being numerically confirmed by the direct simulation Monte Carlo method and by event-driven molecular dynamics.

以上


問い合せ先:
京都大学 航空宇宙工学専攻
初鳥 匡成
〒615-8540 京都市西京区京都大学桂4 桂キャンパスC3棟c3S05室
TEL: 075-383-3781
E-mail: hattori.masanari.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp